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Help:創建新頁面或讀本

(重定向自Wikibooks:如何创建一本新书
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维基教科书是内容开放的教科书协作计划,用户贡献的内容均在GNU自由文档许可证下发布。您向维基教科书提交的内容必须是您拥有版权或属于公有领域,参见Wikibooks:版权信息请不要在未获得著作权人许可的情况下提交受版权保护的材料。

For background on Wikibooks see Why contribute?.

目录

创建新页面或新教科书编辑

维基教科书的教科书、章节和页面,任何人都可以创建、重写、修改、移动。章节可以改变,添加和删除。维基教科书应该符合什么要求:

在创建新书之前请查看图书馆来看看您的作品是不是某本现存教科书中的一部分。或许把您的文字加入相关页面会更好(尤其是这段文字不太长的情况下)。而页面在篇幅过长时也可能会在以后被拆开。

创建一本教科书编辑

您可以通过分析已有的教科书来学习如何创建一本好书,或是发现一些新点子。维基教科书没有严格的政策来规定某一本书的形态,因此如果您发现了设计上与众不同的书,您并不必困惑。

Generally, it's a good idea to look up some Featured books like How To Assemble A Desktop PC and Chinese (Mandarin).

  • Review the book naming conventions. See also Help:Page name.
  • Choose a book title carefully. Names are important, un-doing mistakes can take time, so it's always a good idea to do a little homework first. Before saving the page, decide whether you want to use the suggested name. If not, check the What links here option on the edit mode page. If changing the name will not break any other links (inappropriately), update the link on the referring page.
  • Once you have a few strong ideas about a new book, write a few paragraphs and lay out an outline for it.
  • Decide on a writing style and how to format contents. See Help:Manual of Style.
  • If nothing points here, the page is isolated. Add a link to the new book title on the appropriate bookshelves.

'Create a book' takes you to an edit page to enter the new text. The edit page has a link for Editing help, so you won't be lost. If you want to experiment, use the sandbox first.

New pages can also be started by:

  • Following a link to a new page which does not existent yet, which likewise launches the edit page.
  • Search for the page name. If the page you want to use does not already exist you will get a message saying:
There is no page titled "page name". You can create this page. By clicking the link you will be switched to editing a new page.
  • Creating a link to the new page on an existing page, such as the sandbox, and click the preview button to preview your changes. From the preview area click on the newly created link, which will switch you to editing a new page, if the page does not already exist, without updating the previous page.
  • You can type the name of new page in the address field of your browser, replacing current page name. Using this method for the new page displays the default 'no module' message. The default page has the usual Edit this page link, which can be used to begin adding content. An interwiki or external link to a non-existent page gives the same result, but is not recommended.

Links to non-existing pages are typically created in preparation of creating the page, and/or to encourage other people to do so. Links are not only convenient for navigation, but also make people aware of the new page (those who read a related page and also those who watch the related page). New page links are not really broken, as long as the name correctly identifies the intended content. (A new page link with a "wrong" or misspelled name, or that duplicates content found under another name is "broken". but in a different sense.)

New page links typically look different from links to existing pages. Depending on settings, a different color or a question mark is used. (Sometimes links to new pages are called "red links", the display option of one of the settings). Links to non-existent pages are created with [[New page name]] from the wiki editor. (In this case, the empty page "New page name" would be created).

To get access to a MediaWiki project page, with the links at the edges but without the superfluous loading of a page, use a bookmark to a non-existing page. The default 'no article' page will display the edge links.

注:
The sandbox can be used for temporary experimentation, but is emptied on a regular basis. So, remember to bookmark the module(s) you have created, in order to edit them again in the future. If you are a registered user, it will also appear under "My contributions". For persistent draft material, you can use your user account sub-pages, and move the sub-page when ready. To create a user sub-page, use a reference (title) like: 'User:UserName/New sub page'. User sub-pages can also be used for testing new template material with the syntax {{User:UserName/Sub page name}}.

创建空白页编辑

一个新页面 和空白页不同: 后者有页面历史。然而, 创建一个新页面就像编辑一个空白页面一样, 除了创建一个新页面时会显示来自 MediaWiki:Newarticletext 的文字。(可能随不同的姊妹项目而变化)

有时创建空白页面是有用的。- 例如创建一个依赖参数的模板以产生标准文本或是附加文本。这会通过使它要求另一个名字为参数的模板来实现。其他模板的一个版本包括附加文本,另一个版本则是空白。参见optional text

To create an empty page, save a page with the wikitext __END__. This code will not be saved, it just prevents refusal by the system to create an empty page. Alternatively, first create a non-empty page, e.g. with just one character, then edit the page to make it empty. A page with one or more blank spaces at the end, including a page only contating one or more blank spaces, is not possible.

定出提纲和范围编辑

Wikibooks are all about working with others. To help others contribute to a new book, it helps very much to define and publish the concept, layout and scope of the book right from the beginning. This serves as some kind of contract and can avoid long discussions what should or shouldn't be in the book and how the book should look. Please be aware that there is really no such thing as "your" book on a wiki like this - it is up to early contributors to demonstrate the writing and leadership for other contributors to accept them as the "lead authors" for a book. Some books have no lead authors, and develop organically over time.

Some questions you want to answer in defining the book:

  • What type of book will it be? Reference, textbook, self-study course, tutorial, experimentation instructions, travel report, etc.
  • Who is the target audience? How old are its constituents? What is their background? How advanced are their reading skills? Are they children or adults, students, hobbyists, or professionals, researchers or scientists? An advanced level for a hobbyist is quite different to that of a researcher.
  • What is the scope of the book? How much you want to cover -- in terms of topic, history and/or audience level -- helps determine where you start, and where you end. This also determines what to leave in and what to leave out.

Publish this information at the beginning of the book and on the discussion page, so people can decide if this is the right book they want to read or contribute to.

编写第一页编辑

Read the naming policy on how to arrange and name your book. Then make the table of contents or cover page. Choose a title, something short and descriptive without abbreviations. Create the page the way you want it, and save it.

When creating modules it is also good practice to run the text through a spell checker before submitting. You may find it more convenient to take a copy of the original page, work on it, then paste the edited copy back in. Creating brand-new topics is a great way to help Wikibooks increase its breadth (and depth).

使您的书便于查找编辑

Make the book available to other users. Of course, people can see it on Recent Changes, but its visibility on that list is not permanent, so you need to properly categorize it. Put {{New book}} on the main page of the book, and also use the {{Subject}} template to put the book into an appropriate category. If you are not sure what category to put your book in, you can browse Subject:Major Subjects, or ask at The New Books Staff Lounge.

Add your book in the correct category (if applicable) in alphabetical order. Save that page and go back to the Main Page. Create all of the pages within that textbook as "Textbooktitle/Whateverthepageis" to avoid problems with other textbooks. See Wikibooks:Naming policy for more.

图书请求编辑

如果您只是有个关于新书的想法,而并不确定您能写多少,可在Wikibooks:Requested books 中加入一个图书请求来代替。您可能会发现某个人也有着同样的想法。您也可能看到其他人请求的新书,或是去创建那些请求的图书。

An appropriate place to look for other people to help out on a new book is the staff lounge. Many regular contributors to Wikibooks read this page periodically, so you can get suggestions for how your book idea can be put together, or find other people who might be interested in helping you put it together. This is a good place to suggest ideas for books whcih do not seem to fit in any bookshelf.

其它事项编辑

创建可打印版本编辑

如果你希望人們透過連續的文字閱讀你的書,如PDF檔等,請在一開始時設定為「列印版本」,請参见Wikibooks:可打印版

注明开发阶段编辑

您可以用开发阶段来标记哪些章节完成了。您同样应该在您的目录页中的这些章节的条目旁边表示一下您的书准备好了多少。

建议章节编辑

序言和后记
您可以创建"前言"、"导言"或是"后记"章节以解释如何阅读本书或本书的适用范围。
作者列表和样式指南
别人也有可能去编辑您的书。因而应有一个页面列出主要贡献者。该页面可能被命名为“作者”。而为您的书创建样式指南来解释这本书该怎么写、模板怎么用等有关事由也是个好主意。

参见编辑